Creek Road/Smith Street, Poughkeepsie, New York
For Moving Dutchess Forward, we estimated future available funding for three project categories: highway (which includes road, bridge, walking, and bicycling projects), transit (which includes bus and rail), and planning.
See the adjacent tables for our available funding estimates by project category and source for the short term (2022-2025), long term (2026-2045), and entire planning period (2022-2045).
We estimated federal funding from the core federal programs, the National Highway Performance Program (NHPP), the Surface Transportation Block Grant program (STBG), and the Highway Safety Improvement Program (HSIP), based on the programmed funding amounts in our current 5-year TIP. We summed the annual average for each program, which totaled $21 million, and added a non-federal match of 20 percent ($4.2 million). Based on this, we estimate about $25 million annually in matched core federal funds.
Dutchess County also benefits from competitive federal funds awarded by NYSDOT, which include the STBG set-aside (formerly the Transportation Alternatives Program, or TAP), the Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Improvement (CMAQ) Program, the BRIDGE NY program, and a portion of the Highway Safety Improvement Program (HSIP). We estimated future competitive funding based on several years of past awards. We summed the annual average for each program, which totaled $6 million, and added a non-federal match (for all except BRIDGE NY) of 20 percent ($1.1 million). Based on this, we estimate about $7 million annually in matched competitive federal funds.
NYSDOT also funds many multi-county projects in our region. These use a variety of federal funding sources and are typically system-wide maintenance projects. We estimated the annual average of our portion of these multi-county funds based on multi-county funding in the most recent 5-year TIP and the proportion of regional funds allocated to Dutchess County in that TIP (about 15 percent). This results in about $10 million annually in multi-county funds for Dutchess. We added a non-federal match of 20 percent ($2 million), for a total of about $12 million annually in matched multi-county funds.
Finally, NYSDOT provides State Dedicated Funds (SDF) to our region. As with multi-county funds, we estimated the annual average of our portion of State Dedicated Funds based on SDF funding in the most recent 5-year TIP and the proportion of regional funds allocated to Dutchess County in that TIP. This results in about $5 million annually in State Dedicated Funds for Dutchess.
To be conservative, we assumed flat growth over the planning period. Based on our annual estimates for core federal funds, competitive federal funds, multi-county funds, and State Dedicated Funds, we estimate a total of about $49 million annually. This results in about $196 million for the short term (2022-2025), about $980 million for the long term (2026-2045), and about $1.2 billion over the entire planning period of 2022-2045.
Our highway funding estimates do not include the State’s Consolidated Local Street and Highway Improvement Program (CHIPS), PAVE-NY funds, or local general funds, as these are primarily used by local governments on the non-federal aid system. For County Public Works, CHIPS funding is estimated to provide $4 million per year. Local municipalities also receive annual CHIPS funds for road maintenance.
Dutchess County & Local Agencies
We estimated local transit funds based on the past several years of funding from federal, state, county, and local sources. For the core FTA programs (Section 5307/5340 and Section 5339), which fund capital purchases, operations, and maintenance, Dutchess County receives about $3 million annually. Transit services in the county (provided by County Public Transit and human service agencies) are also supported by competitive federal funding awarded by NYSDOT, primarily through the Section 5310 program, which supports services for older adults and people with disabilities. Based on past awards, we estimate about $400,000 annually in these funds. New York State provides about $3.7 million annually in State Transit Operating Assistance (STOA) to County Public Transit. In addition, the County provides about $1.8 million per year, and fare revenue provides about $1.4 million per year.
These sources together provide about $10 million annually to support local transit in Dutchess County. To be conservative, we assumed flat growth over the plan period. This results in about $41 million for the short term (2022-2025), $206 million for the long term (2026-2045), and about $247 million over the entire planning period of 2022-2045.
The MTA also receives federal funding that supports transit in our region. These funds are distributed to the urbanized area, which includes portions of several counties. Since the proportion used to support transit in Dutchess is not specified, we used the regional totals for our estimate. Based on the past several years of funding, we estimate about $10 million annually from core FTA programs (Section 5307/5340 and Section 5337) to MTA/Metro-North Railroad in our region. Assuming flat growth, this equates to about $40 million for the short term (2022-2025), $202 million for the long term (2026-2045), and about $242 million over the entire planning period of 2022-2045.
We receive annual planning funds from both FHWA and FTA. Based on recent funding levels, we estimate about $676,000 annually in federal planning funds. In addition, we have about $670,000 in unused (or ‘carryover’) planning funds from previous years. Both the County and State provide a match (5% and 15%, respectively) for an additional $269,000 annually. This results in an annual total of about $1.6 million in planning funds.
For future years, we assume flat funding and that we will spend our carryover funds in the short-term period. Based on these assumptions, we estimate about $4 million for the short term (2022-2025), $16 million for the long term (2026-2045), and $21 million in planning funds over the entire planning period of 2022-2045.
We did not include potential funding from private entities but recommend that private funding be pursued whenever possible, particularly for improvements related to new development (such as intersection or signal improvements for large residential or commercial projects), special collaborative projects between public agencies and private entities, and contractual arrangements with County Public Transit for bus services.
Shown in $-millions
*Assumes carryover funds are used in the short term
OTHER POTENTIAL FEDERAL FUNDS
There are several additional sources of federal transportation funding, but because they are unpredictable, we did not include them in our estimates. These include large, competitive grants such as as RAISE grants (formerly known as BUILD and TIGER) and Infrastructure for Rebuilding America (INFRA) grants; Congressional member items (i.e. earmarks); infrastructure funding (such as the proposed American Jobs Plan); and funding from economic recovery acts (such as the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act, the Coronavirus Response and Relief Supplemental Appropriations Act (CRRSAA), and the American Rescue Plan). In addition, the next iteration of the federal transportation bill (currently the FAST Act) could include additional funding.